Balance Sheets

2002 Financial Results

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SEATTLE--Apr. 23,, Inc. (NASD: AMZN) today announced financial results for its first quarter ended March 31, 2002, and further reductions in book prices.

Net sales for the quarter were $847 million, compared with $700 million in the first quarter of 2001, an increase of 21%.

The Company recorded a first quarter 2002 operating profit of $2 million, compared with a loss of $217 million a year ago. Net loss for the first quarter of 2002 was $23 million, or $0.06 per share, compared with a first quarter 2001 net loss of $234 million (including restructuring-related and other charges of $114 million and goodwill amortization of $49 million), or $0.66 per share. exceeded its pro forma operating profit goal for the quarter. Pro forma operating profit was $25 million, compared with a loss of $49 million in the first quarter of 2001, an improvement of over $70 million. Pro forma net loss, which includes net interest expense, for the first quarter of 2002 was $5 million, or $0.01 per share, compared with a pro forma net loss of $76 million, or $0.21 per share, in the first quarter of 2001. (Details on the differences between GAAP results and pro forma results are included below, with a tabular reconciliation of those differences included in the attached financial statements.)

The Company also announced that, effective today, has lowered book prices again. Customers can now save 30% on books over $15, unless marked otherwise.

"Last July we lowered book prices to 30% off books over $20, then six months later we introduced free Super Saver Shipping on orders over $99. Today, we're thrilled to extend our 30% discount to include books over $15," said Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of "We said we're the type of retailer that relentlessly works to lower prices for customers, but we didn't expect to be able to do it again so soon."

"We are ahead of schedule financially. Our continued operational progress and momentum allow us to further lower prices for customers and at the same time increase our 2002 guidance," said Warren Jenson, chief financial officer. "It's the best of all worlds--lower prices for customers, better customer service and lower costs--all driving us toward our objective of free cash flow for the year."

Highlights of First Quarter Results (comparisons are with the equivalent period of 2001)

  • Operating cash flow reached $46 million for the trailing twelve months, an improvement of over $260 million.
  • Marketplace (new, used and refurbished items sold on product detail pages by small businesses and individuals) equaled approximately 23% of total U.S. orders and 12% of U.S. units, compared with 4% of U.S. orders and 2% of U.S. units.
  • International segment sales, from the Company's U.K., Germany, France and Japan sites, grew 71% to $226 million and pro forma operating results improved by 67% to a loss of $11 million, or 5% of International sales.
  • Including sales from the U.S. site, more than one-third of the Company's sales were made to international customers.
  • U.S. Books, Music, and DVD/Video segment sales growth accelerated to 8% and pro forma operating profit increased 68%.
  • U.S. Electronics, Tools and Kitchen segment sales grew 8% to $126 million and pro forma operating losses declined by 55%, to $21 million.
  • Annualized inventory turns improved 40% to 18, up from 13.
  • Cash and marketable securities were $745 million at March 31, 2002.

Financial Guidance

The following forward-looking statements reflect's expectations as of April 23, 2002. Results may be materially affected by many factors, such as potential changes in general economic conditions and consumer spending, the emerging nature and rate of growth of the Internet and online commerce, and the various factors detailed below.

Second Quarter 2002 Expectations

  • Net sales are expected to be between $765 million and $815 million, or grow between 15% and 22%.
  • Pro forma operating income is expected to be between $5 million and $15 million.

Full Year 2002 Expectations

  • Net sales are expected to grow by over 15%.
  • Pro forma operating income is expected to be over $100 million.

These forward-looking statements are inherently difficult to predict. Actual results could differ materially for a variety of reasons, including, among others, the rate of growth of the economy in general and of the Internet and online commerce, customer spending patterns, the amount that invests in new business opportunities and the timing of those investments, the mix of products sold to customers, the mix of net sales derived from products as compared with services, risks of inventory management, the degree to which the Company enters into, maintains and develops service relationships with third-party sellers and other strategic transactions, foreign currency exchange risks, seasonality, international growth and expansion, risks of fulfillment throughput and productivity, and fluctuations in the value of securities and non-cash payments receives in connection with such transactions. Other risks and uncertainties include, among others, risk of future losses, significant amount of indebtedness, competition, potential fluctuations in operating results, management of potential growth, system interruption, consumer trends, fulfillment center optimization, inventory, limited operating history, government regulation and taxation, customer or third-party sellers fraud and Payments, new business areas, business combinations, and strategic alliances. More information about factors that potentially could affect's financial results is included in's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2001, and all subsequent filings.

The Company intends to continue its practice of not updating forward-looking statements other than in publicly available documents.

Pro Forma Results

Pro forma results, which generally exclude non-operational, non-cash charges and benefits as well as one-time charges, are provided as a complement to results provided in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (known as "GAAP"). Management uses such pro forma measures internally to evaluate the Company's performance and manage its operations. A reconciliation of GAAP to pro forma is included in the attached financial statements.

Pro forma operating results exclude the following line items on the Company's statements of operations:

  • Stock-based compensation,
  • Amortization of goodwill and other intangibles, and
  • Restructuring-related and other.

Pro forma net results exclude, in addition to the line items described above, the following line items on the Company's statements of operations:

  • Other gains (losses), net,
  • Equity in losses of equity-method investees, net, and
  • Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle.

Conference Call

A conference call will be Webcast live at today at 2 p.m. PDT/5 p.m. EDT and will be available through June 30, 2002. This call will contain forward-looking statements and other material information.

About opened its virtual doors on the World Wide Web in July 1995 and today offers Earth's Biggest Selection. seeks to be the world's most customer-centric company, where customers can find and discover anything they might want to buy online. and sellers list millions of unique new and used items in categories such as electronics, computers, kitchen and housewares, books, music, DVDs, videos, camera and photo items, toys, baby and baby registry, software, computer and video games, cell phones and service, tools and hardware, travel services, magazine subscriptions and outdoor living items. Through Amazon Marketplace, zShops and Auctions, any business or individual can sell virtually anything to's millions of customers, and with Payments, sellers can accept credit card transactions, avoiding the hassles of offline payments. operates four international Web sites: and It also operates the Internet Movie Database (, the Web's comprehensive and authoritative source of information on more than 300,000 movies and entertainment titles and 1 million cast and crew members dating from the birth of film.

Financial and Operational Highlights
First Quarter Ended March 31, 2002

Results of Operations (all comparisons are with the comparable period of 2001)

Net Sales

  • Shipping revenue, excluding commissions earned from Amazon Marketplace, was approximately $89 million, up from $82 million.
  • Equity-based services revenues decreased to approximately $5 million, or 10% of services net sales, from $9 million, or 21%.

Gross Profit

  • Gross margin, excluding the results of our Services segment, would have been 24%, up from 23%.
  • Effective January 1, 2002, we prospectively changed our inventory costing method from the specific-identification method to the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method of accounting. This change resulted in a cumulative increase in product inventory of $0.8 million, with a corresponding amount recorded to "Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle" on the statements of operations. The effect on each quarter during 2001 would have been less than $1.2 million individually and in the aggregate.
  • Costs associated with our services revenues, classified as cost of services, generally include fulfillment-related costs to ship products on behalf of third-party sellers, costs to provide customer service, credit card fees and other related costs.
  • Shipping loss was approximately $1 million, down from $5 million. We continue to measure our shipping results relative to their impact on our overall financial results, with the viewpoint that shipping promotions are an effective marketing tool. We will continue offering shipping promotions to our customers, which reduce shipping revenue as a percentage of sales and will negatively affect gross margins on our retail sales.


  • Fulfillment costs represent those costs incurred in operating and staffing our fulfillment and customer service centers, including costs attributable to receiving, inspecting and warehousing inventories; picking, packaging and preparing customers' orders for shipment; credit card fees and bad debt costs; and responding to inquiries from customers. Fulfillment costs also include amounts paid to third-party co-sourcers, who assist us in fulfillment and customer service operations. Certain fulfillment-related costs incurred on behalf of third-party sellers, excluding those costs associated with Syndicated Stores, are classified as cost of sales rather than fulfillment.

Stock-Based Compensation

  • During the first quarter 2001, we offered a limited non-compulsory exchange of employee stock options. This option exchange offer results in variable accounting treatment for approximately 11 million stock options at March 31, 2002, which includes approximately 10 million options granted under the exchange offer with an exercise price of $13.375 and approximately 1 million options that were subject to the exchange offer but were not exchanged. Variable accounting treatment will result in unpredictable and potentially significant charges or credits, depending on fluctuations in quoted prices for our common stock, which we are unable to forecast.

Amortization of Goodwill and Other Intangibles

  • As a result of our adoption of the full provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 141 and No. 142, during the first quarter we reclassified $25 million of other intangibles (comprising only assembled workforce intangibles) to goodwill and discontinued the amortization of our goodwill assets. In addition, we completed an impairment analysis of goodwill and determined the amount to be fairly stated.

Restructuring-Related and Other

  • In 2001 we initiated an operational restructuring plan to reduce our operating costs, streamline our organizational structure, consolidate certain of our fulfillment and customer service operations and migrate a large portion of our technology infrastructure to a new operating platform. As a result of this initiative, we recorded restructuring and other charges of approximately $114 million in the first quarter 2001 and an additional $68 million during the last three quarters of 2001. Each component of the restructuring plan has been substantially completed.
  • During the first quarter 2002 we permanently closed our fulfillment center in Seattle and, in connection with our 2001 operational restructuring, we revised our sublease income estimates for Seattle-area restructured office space. These items resulted in additional restructuring-related expenses of $10 million primarily associated with ongoing lease obligations.
  • Cash payments resulting from the restructuring were $14 million in the first quarter 2002 and $10 million in first quarter 2001. The restructuring charges are anticipated to result in the following net cash outflows (included within accrued expenses and other current liabilities and long-term debt and other on our balance sheet):


Other Income (Expense), Net

  • Other income (expense) consists primarily of net realized gains and losses on sales of marketable securities, miscellaneous state and foreign taxes and certain foreign-currency-related transaction gains and losses.

Other Gains (Losses), Net

  • Other gains, net were $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2002, primarily consisting of a foreign-currency gain on the remeasurement of our 6.875% convertible subordinated notes from Euros to U.S. dollars.
  • We are unable to forecast the gains or losses associated with our 6.875% convertible subordinated notes that will result from fluctuations in foreign exchange rates in future periods.

Earnings per Share

  • Basic and diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common and common stock equivalent shares outstanding during the period; common stock equivalent shares, such as options, warrants and convertible securities, were excluded from the computation because their effect is antidilutive. If the effect of common stock equivalents had been included, the number of shares used in the computation of diluted loss per share would have been approximately 394 million, compared with 374 million.

Financial Condition

Cash and Marketable Securities

  • Cash and marketable securities are impacted by the effect of quarterly fluctuations in foreign-currency exchange rates, particularly the Euro. Our Euro investments, classified as available for sale, had a balance of 160 million Euros ($140 million, based on the exchange rate as of March 31, 2002).
  • Our marketable securities, at estimated fair value, consist of the following, as of March 31, 2002 (in thousands):


  • We have pledged approximately $158 million of our marketable securities as collateral for certain contractual obligations, compared to $167 million as of December 31, 2001. Amounts pledged for standby letters of credit that guarantee certain contractual obligations, primarily property leases, were $72 million; $46 million is pledged for the swap agreement that hedges the foreign-exchange rate risk on a portion of our 6.875% convertible subordinated notes; and $41 million is pledged for certain of our real estate lease agreements. The amount of marketable securities we are required to pledge pursuant to the swap agreement fluctuates with the fair market value of the swap obligation.

Certain Definitions and Other

  • Our segment reporting includes four segments: U.S. Books, Music and DVD/Video; U.S. Electronics, Tools and Kitchen; International; and Services. Allocation methodologies have been consistently applied.
  • The U.S. Books, Music and DVD/Video segment includes revenues, direct costs and cost allocations associated with retail sales from for books, music, DVDs, video products and magazine subscriptions, and from stores offering these products through our Syndicated Stores Program (whereby a third-party seller's e-commerce Web site uses our e-commerce services and tools, and offers our product selection), such as This segment also includes commissions and other amounts earned from sales of these products, new or used, through Amazon Marketplace, and will include amounts earned from offerings of these products by third-party sellers, if any, under our Program (whereby a third-party seller offers its products or services for sale on our Web site, either in our retail stores or in a cobranded store on our Web site, or both).
  • The U.S. Electronics, Tools and Kitchen segment includes revenues, direct costs and cost allocations associated with retail sales of electronics, computers, kitchen products and housewares, camera and photo items, software, cell phones and service, tools and hardware, outdoor living items, and computer and video game products, sold other than through our strategic alliance, as well as catalog sales of toys and tools and hardware, and will include stores offering these products, if any, through our Syndicated Stores Program. This segment also includes commissions earned from sales of these products, new or used, through Amazon Marketplace and from offerings of these products by third-party sellers under our Program, such as Circuit City.
  • The International segment includes all revenues, direct costs and cost allocations associated with the retail sales of our four internationally focused Web and from stores offering products through our Syndicated Stores Program. This segment also includes commissions and other amounts earned from sales of products, new or used, through Amazon Marketplace, and amounts earned from offerings of products by third-party sellers, if any, under our Program.
  • The Services segment includes revenues, direct costs and cost allocations associated with our business-to-business strategic alliances, including the Merchant Program (whereby a third-party seller's e-commerce Web site operates at its own URL using our features and technology), such as beginning summer 2002, and, to the extent full product categories are not also offered by our online retail stores, the Program, such as our strategic alliance with, as well as the strategic technology alliance with America Online, Inc. This segment also includes Amazon Auctions, zShops and Payments, and miscellaneous marketing and promotional agreements.
  • All references to customers mean customer accounts, which are unique e-mail addresses, established either when a customer's initial order is shipped or when a customer orders from certain third-party sellers on Customer accounts include customers of Amazon Marketplace, Auctions and zShops services and from our and Syndicated Stores Programs, but exclude Payments customers, our catalog customers and the customers of selected companies with whom we have strategic marketing and promotional relationships.
  • Trailing twelve-month net sales per active customer account figures include all amounts earned through Internet sales, including net sales earned from new or used products sold through Amazon Marketplace, Auctions and zShops services, and products sold through our and Syndicated Stores Programs, but excluding products sold through our catalogs and certain strategic alliances and sales of inventory to A customer is considered active upon placing an order.